history of Andhra Pradesh


Andhra Pardesh was once a major Buddhist centre and part of Ashoka's empire until it broke apart. Traces of early still remain in several places, particularly Amaravathi. the Sanchi of Andhra Pardesh. Later, in the 7th century, the chalukyas held power, but they in turn fell to the Chola kingdom of the south around the 10th century. It was this dynasty that built the vast and almost impregnable stone fortress of Golconda - one of India's most impressive monuments . The near by tombs of the rulers of this Muslim dynasty rival those of the Delhi sultans and the early Mughals in size and splendor. The general's successors, the Nizams of Hyderabad, ruled the state right through to Independence.

Capital Hyderabad
Area of the state 275,068 Sq. Km.
Boundaries  East-Bay of Bengal; West and South-West - Karanataka; South -Tamil Nadu; North-East - Orissa.
Climate Hot and humid
Annual Rainfall  125 cm
Districts 23
Population according to 1991 66,507,976
Females population 32,783,400
Male population 33,724,576
Ratio of urban population according to 1991 26.9
Per Capita Income 5,802
Highest peak Mahendragiri
Rivers Krishna and Godavari.
Principal Languages Telugu and Urdu.
Cities Having Airports Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Tirupati.
Major Sea Ports in the State  Viskhapatnam.
Minor sea ports  Kakinada, Krishnapatnam, Machilipatnam.
Andhra Pradesh is India's fifth largest state (in terms of area) spreading over an area of 2,76,754 sq. kms. It is located between 12° 41' and 22° East longitude and 77° and 84° 40' North latitude. It shares common boundaries with Madhya Pradesh and Orissa to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka to the south and Maharashtra to the west. The state also forms a major link between the north and south of India.

For administrative purpose the state has been divided into 23 districts.
On the basis of geographical position, Andhra Pradesh can be divided into three distinct regions viz. Kosta (Coastal Andhra), Telangana and Rayalaseema.

Telangana lies west of the Ghats on the Deccan plateau. The Godavari River and Krishna River rise in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and Maharashtra and flow east across Telangana to empty into the Bay of Bengal in a combined river delta.

Kosta occupies the coastal plain between Eastern Ghats ranges, which run the length of the state, and the Bay of Bengal.

Rayalaseema is situated in the southeast of the state on the Deccan plateau, in the basin of the Penner River. It is separated from Telangana by the low Erramala hills and from Coastal Andhra by the Eastern Ghats.

Festivals: The famous  Deccan Festival having cultural programmes is celebrated in February. Bakri-Id is celebrated with great craze in Andhra Pradesh and in particular, the capital Hyderabad. The state also celebrate typical Indian festivals such as Nag Panchami, Holi, Diwali, Gandhi Jayanti, Mahavir Jayanti and others.
Holiday packages covering Andhra Pradesh