History Of Nagarjunakonda


Very few details on the life of Nagarjuna are known, although many legends exist. He was born in Southern India, near the town of Nagarjunakonda in present day Nagarjuna Sagar in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. According to traditional biographers and historians such as Kumarajiva, he was born into a Brahmin family, but later converted to Buddhism. This may be the reason he was one of the earliest significant Buddhist thinkers to write in classical Sanskrit rather than Pali or Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit.
From studying his writings, it is clear that Nagarjuna was conversant with many of the Nikaya school philosophies and with the emerging Mahayana tradition. However, affiliation to a specific Nikaya school is difficult, considering much of this material is presently lost. If the most commonly accepted attribution of texts (that of Christian Lindtner) holds, then he was clearly a Mahayanist, but his philosophy holds assiduously to the non-Mahayana canon, and while he does make explicit references to Mahayana texts, he is always careful to stay within the parameters set out by the canon.
Nagarjuna may have arrived at his positions from a desire to achieve a consistent exegesis of the Buddha's doctrine as recorded in the Canon. In the eyes of Nagarjuna the Buddha was not merely a forerunner, but the very founder of the Madhyamaka system. David Kalupahana sees Nagarjuna as a successor to Moggaliputta-Tissa in being a champion of the middle-way and a reviver of the original philosophical ideals of the Buddha.




The district of Nagarjunakonda has an area of 12,846 km². It is bounded by Karimnagar in the north, Khammam in the east, to the west is the Medak district and the district of Nalgonda lies to the south-west of Nagarjunakonda. It has been divided into 51 mandals. Nagarjunakonda being located in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh has a hot and dry climate. The hottest season of the region is the month of May and the south-west monsoon winds bring rainfall to the region of Nagarjunakonda. The annual rainfall of the area is 1048.1 mm. The winters in the district are mild and comfortable and it can be said that winter is the best season to visit the district.

Demography of Nagarjunakonda District

Nagarjunakonda has a population of 32.46 lakh. Out of which there are more males as compared to the number of females. Similarly the percentage of rural population in the district is also more than the number of urban population. The literacy rate in the district is 49.14 percent.

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