History Of Warangal


Warangal was the capital of a Hindu Shaivaite kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The old name of this newly formed city is Orugallu. Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved in a single rock, hence the name Orukallu meaning 'one rock' (Ekasila nagaram in Sanskrit). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Famous or well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani (queen) Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis. Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.




The district of Warangal has an area of 12,846 km². It is bounded by Karimnagar in the north, Khammam in the east, to the west is the Medak district and the district of Nalgonda lies to the south-west of Warangal. It has been divided into 51 mandals. Warangal being located in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh has a hot and dry climate. The hottest season of the region is the month of May and the south-west monsoon winds bring rainfall to the region of Warangal. The annual rainfall of the area is 1048.1 mm. The winters in the district are mild and comfortable and it can be said that winter is the best season to visit the district.

Demography of Warangal District

Warangal has a population of 32.46 lakh. Out of which there are more males as compared to the number of females. Similarly the percentage of rural population in the district is also more than the number of urban population. The literacy rate in the district is 49.14 percent.

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